Ionization Cooling in the MICE Experiment
The international Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment (MICE), under construction at RAL, will test and characterize a prototype cooling channel for a future Neutrino Factory or Muon Collider. The cooling channel aims to achieve, using liquid hydrogen absorbers, a 10% reduction in transverse emittance. The change in 4D emittance will be determined with a relative accuracy of 1% by measuring muons individually. These include two scintillating fibre trackers embedded within 4 T solenoid fields, TOF counters and a muon ranger. Step IV of MICE will begin in 2012, producing the experiment's first precise emittance-reduction measurements. Multiple scattering in candidate Step IV absorber materials was studied in G4MICE, based on GEANT4. Equilibrium emittances for low-Z materials from hydrogen to aluminium can be studied experimentally in Step IV of MICE, and compared with simulations.